This guide has been compiled to assist clients in identifying various cornices and
their members, however do bear in mind that there are many variations and contradictions
to the general rule. Overall, mouldings start from the Tudor period and continue
until the Art Deco of the 1930's.
Georgian mouldings vary considerably because of the long Georgian Monarchy. Much
influence from numerous sources affected styles. The main guide to Georgian Cornices
is that they were either equal in distance on the wall and ceiling, or that they
had a deep wall Frieze with little projection onto the ceiling. Enrichments on cornices
were many. Urns, swags, honeysuckle, dentils, egg and dart and modillions (or blocks)
are some examples.
The Regency period saw a marked change from wall to ceiling mouldings. Reeded mouldings
became very popular. Enrichments became more stylized.
Victorian cornices carried on the change with most of the cornice on the ceiling
line. They became very ornate and heavy with flowers, fruit and vines. Ceiling centre-pieces
were at their height in this period.
Edwardian mouldings stayed with the Victorian theme but reduced themselves in size
and grandeur. Plain member mouldings became more fashionable.